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VIVO Updates for March 31, 2019 — VIVO at CNI, Jim Blake retires, VIVO at Duraspace Summit, Architectural presentation, VIVO at EuroCRIS

DSpace news - Mon, 01/04/2019 - 01:29

VIVO Presentations at CNI  The Coalition for Networked Information (http://wwww.cni.org) is having its spring member meeting in St. Louis Missouri, April 9-10.  There are two VIVO “project briefings” on the agenda.  We hope you are able to attend these briefings:

Scholarly Output Projects
Martin R. Kalfatovic, Smithsonian Institution
Paul Albert, Weill Cornell Medicine
Terrie Wheeler, Weill Cornell Medicine

Research Intelligence, Repurposed Data, and Reputation: The Evolution of VIVO Implementations at Duke and Texas A&M Universities
Bruce E. Herbert, Texas A&M University
Julia K. Trimmer, Duke University

Jim Blake retirement Jim Blake  of Cornell University in Ithaca New York retired this past week.  Jim started with the VIVO Project in 2010 during the NIH grant era.  Jim served as the technical lead for the VIVO project from 2013-2016.  Jim was always one of the most knowledgable, thoughtful, and productive contributors in the VIVO community.  We wish Jim the very best for his retirement.  Bravo Jim!

VIVO Breakouts at the Duraspace Summit  At the Duraspace Summit coming up April 10 in St. Louis, Missouri, VIVO will have two break out sessions.  If you are attending the summit, please plan to attend these sessions.  The sessions are:

  1. Status of 2019 product direction efforts
  2. VIVO Project and Lyrasis: opportunities and objectives

We hope to see you there.  All members are invited.  Not a member?  See Become a Member.  Are you a member and you did not get an invitation?  Please contact Kristi Searle at Duraspace.

We hope to have dial-in capability for these sessions.  Details will be posted to the VIVO email lists.  We hope you can join!

Architectural presentation  In January, VIVO hosted an “architectural fly-in” bringing people together to think through future initiatives and the software architectures that might be required to support them.  Huda Khanof Cornell summarized the discussions in a presentation available here .  There are several major initiatives going on that require active coordination.  Andrew Woods facilitates the Development Interest Group that meets every Tuesday.  This group works to make sure things fit together now and in  the future.  All developers are welcome!

VIVO presentation at EuroCRIS  Anna Guillaumet of SIGMA, a Duraspace member supporting the VIVO Project, will be presenting at the upcoming EuroCRIS meetings in Helsinki, Finland.  Anna is a member of the VIVO Project Leadership Group and will be presenting on their experience with VIVO in support of multiple universities in Spain.



Mike Conlon
VIVO Project Director

The post VIVO Updates for March 31, 2019 — VIVO at CNI, Jim Blake retires, VIVO at Duraspace Summit, Architectural presentation, VIVO at EuroCRIS appeared first on Duraspace.org.

New European Copyright Directive: A Detailed Look

LIBER news - Fri, 29/03/2019 - 15:09

On Tuesday this week, the European Parliament voted to adopt the Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market by a majority of 348 to 274. The European Council is expected to ratify the Directive next month and —soon after that — it will enter into European Law. Member States will have two years to…

The post New European Copyright Directive: A Detailed Look appeared first on LIBER.

Will you be on the winner's dais in Athens?

IFLA - Fri, 29/03/2019 - 08:08

The IFLA/Systematic Public Library of the Year award celebrates new public libraries built between 1 January - 31 December 2018.

The Award is presented to a library anywhere in the world that best combines open, functional architecture with creative IT solutions and also takes into account both digital developments and local culture. To qualify, the library must be built between 1 January - 31 December 2018 or located in a building not previously used as a library.  Fill out our application form and submit your nomination today! Please be sure the read the assessment criteria.

On their return to the Netherlands, last year's winners (School 7 Library, Den Helder) were met by a brass band! Imagine how delighted your community would be if you won and how they might react!

The presentation will take place at the IFLA WLIC in Athens, Greece from 24-30 August 2019 and is accompanied by a USD 5,000 prize.

The Award is administered by IFLA’s Public Libraries, Library Buildings and Equipment and Metropolitan Libraries sections. Systematic is a proud sponsor of this award.

IFLA PressReader International Marketing Award Winners 2019

IFLA - Thu, 28/03/2019 - 16:56
2019 Winners! 

The IFLA Section on Management and Marketing in collaboration with PressReader is pleased to announce the winners, finalists and top ten projects of the IFLA PressReader International Marketing Award for 2019! 

The award honors organizations that have implemented creative, results-oriented marketing projects or campaigns that promote the library and information services industry.  First place goes to The University of British Columbia - Canada, for the "2018 UBC Library Digital Colouring Books Campaigny" project.

See the media release to know the TOP 10 projects and more details.

1st Place - "2018 UBC Library Digital Colouring Books Campaigny" (The University of British Columbia - Canada)

2nd Place - "Taskukirjasto tutuksi/ Bring Pocket Library to Light" (Vantaa City Library - Finland)

3rd Place - "Story Seat – 10 seats, 10 stories, 10 parks" (Sunshine Coast Libraries - Australia)

Explore Citizen Science: Join LIBER’s Newest Working Group

LIBER news - Thu, 28/03/2019 - 12:16

Do you work in a library which already carries out some activity in Citizen Science, or are you simply interested in exploring the topic further? LIBER is launching a Citizen Science Working Group so that we can address this important area of work with colleagues across Europe. All staff working in LIBER institutions are welcome…

The post Explore Citizen Science: Join LIBER’s Newest Working Group appeared first on LIBER.

2019 RSCAO Mid-term Meeting held in Manila, Philippines

IFLA - Thu, 28/03/2019 - 11:59

The National Library of the Philippines (NLP) hosted the 2019 Mid-year Meeting of IFLA – Regional Standing Committee on Asia and Oceania (RSCAO) on March 6-8, 2019. It was attended by Standing Committee: Sanjay Kumar Bihani, Chairperson; Tao Yang, Secretary; Takashi Nagatsuka, Information Coordinator; Members: Nor Edzan Che Nasir – Malaysia; Cendrella Habre – Lebanon; Premila Gamage - Sri Lanka; Dolores D. Carungui – Philippines. Regional Office was represented by National Library Board (Singapore) Deputy Chief Executive, Tay Ai Cheng and Janice Ow.

The Organizing Committee headed by NLP Director Cesar Gilbert Q. Adriano, Assistant Director Edgardo B. Quiros and Reference Division Chief/RSCAO Member Dolores D. Carungui did a great collaboration with the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) through the Library Manager Nelia R. Balagapo who worked tirelessly for the holding of the activity at BSP, despite of the very tight security.

 Assistant Governor Francisco G. Dakila, Jr. of the Monetary Policy Sub Sector, BSP graced the 1st day opening session. He warmly welcomed the delegates by expressing his appreciation on the importance of libraries on provision of access to information and proudly shared their own library programs and services. NLP Director Cesar Gilbert Q. Adriano, also warmly welcomed the delegates in his message and assured NLP’s full support of RSCAO, especially this mid-year meeting that NLP hosted. As such, he was very visible until the last day of the activity.

The meeting was a very productive meeting where the key important concerns of the Section were discussed apart from reports from different sub-regions, which include the A&O Open Session during the 2019 WLIC in Athens, Action Plans, IFLA’s Strategic Framework and other Section’s activities.

The meeting concluded with the holding of 1-day seminar on “Advancing Multiculturalism: Partnerships and Promotions”.  Professor Emeritus Takashi Nagatsuka of Tsurumi University, Yokohama, Japan and Information Coordinator, RSCAO spoke on “A New Perspective of Public Libraries to Offer their Services to all Members of the Multicultural Society”.

Dr. Rina H. Diaron, National Commission on Culture and the Arts – National Committee on Libraries and Information Services (NCCA-NCLIS) Vice Head and Director of Libraries, St. Louis University, Baguio City spoke on “NCCA-NCLIS Initiatives on Multiculturalism”;  

Ms. Arizza Ann S. Nocum, Founder of Kristiyano-Islam Peace (KRIS)  Library delivered a very heartwarming personal experiences, aspirations and hopes for a peaceful, no discrimination type of community with her talk “Promoting Empathy and Peace Across Cultures”.

A demonstration/workshop was led by The Asia Foundation (TAF) Program Officer Mr. Reynald S. Ocampo on his topic “Promoting Books in Mother Tounge through Lety’s Read App.

The seminar ended with the lecture of BSP Library Manager Ms. Nelia R.Balagapo, on “ Knowledge Resource Network: BSP’s Initiative on Knowledge Sharing, Networking and Collaborations”. Participants were also invited to have a quick tour at the BSP Library after the seminar.

RSCAO delegates were just so glad to meet Filipino librarians working in different types of libraries: public, academic, school and special. It was also an opportunity to meet officers of Philippine library associations led by Philippine Librarians Association, Inc. (PLAI) President Emma M. Rey. The Association of Librarians in the Public Sector Priscila P. Robles, Philippine Association of Academic and Research Libraries (PAARL) President Dr. Fernan Dizon and representatives of the Association of Special Libraries in the Philippines (ASLP) and the Philippine Association of School Libraries in the Philippines (PASLI).

The closing message was delivered by NLP Assistant Director Edgardo B. Quiros who re-assured that NLP would always be supportive of initiatives for the development/improvement of the profession, for Filipino librarians. He expressed his wish that there would be another or more IFLA activities to be held in the Philippines with joint/collaborative efforts.

The seminar was well-represented by 100 participants from across the country coming from the clusters of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. Though the majority of the participants are from NCR, it was noteworthy that NLP,  PLAI, BSP and ALPS were able to gather librarians representing various libraries in a brief but most meaningful gathering of Filipino librarians and RSCAO delegates. 

Cultural tour was part of the itinerary, thus, the delegates took time for a quick, educative and meaningful visits at NLP and the National Museum of Natural History.

The 2019 RSCAO mid-term meeting was indeed a successful meeting. The Committee look forward to similar future productive meetings and collaborative works within Asia and Oceania region. Mabuhay!


Note from IFLA Regional Office

IFLA - Thu, 28/03/2019 - 09:57

We had a wonderful start of 2019, packed with activities in the Region. The RSCAO Section had the annual mid-term meeting in Manila, Philippines and the CDNLAO had the annual meeting in Singapore. With the getting-together of friends in the Region, more activities and buzz are lining up to excite the colleagues. The Regional Office will bring you more interesting news and information in the new year. Thank you and enjoy reading.


Soh Lin Li


IFLA Regional Office for Asia and Oceania

CDNLAO held in Singapore on 21 February 2019

IFLA - Thu, 28/03/2019 - 09:50


The 27th Conference of Directors of National Libraries in Asia and Oceania (CDNLAO) was held in Singapore at the National Library Building on 21 February 2019. Celebrating the 40th anniversary of CDNLAO, the theme of the conference – “What is our future? National Libraries in 2040” – examined the challenges and future of libraries.

The conference was attended by director-generals, directors and observers from 21 national libraries, with presentations by the National Libraries of Australia, China, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Zealand and Singapore. Their presentations focused on the future of national libraries, new initiatives and challenges.

Changing information landscape

In the face of a rapidly evolving information landscape, libraries must consider how to adapt, remain relevant and overcome challenges.

Many national libraries have developed digital initiatives and services to build comprehensive national collections as well as further their reach and engage more communities. For instance, the National Library of Australia will unveil the National e-Deposit and the first fully-text searchable Australia Web Archive this year; and the National Library of Indonesia has implemented the mobile app, iPusnas, which provides access to their digital collection, INLIS Lite 3.0, a free library information system for all local libraries and Indonesia One Search, a national repository portal of bibliographic records across local institutions. Going digital allows libraries to further their reach – both Australia and Indonesia have large land areas meaning that the majority of their populations do not live near a physical library, hence, digital services allow them to easily access materials and resources.

In this digital environment, the National Library of China has actively been embracing the latest technologies and trends, exploring how best to apply them to its operations and systems as well as how to preserve and manage large digital resources and big data. In the same vein, Japan’s National Diet Library is also looking at how to best use technology in the face of changing library users’ habits and a young generation disinterested in reading physical books. The National Diet Library believes that digital confidence is key and new technology such as AI should be utilised.

However, the National Library of Indonesia noted that libraries should be mindful not to leave less technologically advanced communities behind. The National Library of New Zealand shared a similar sentiment, calling for larger, more developed libraries to offer assistance and advice to smaller libraries in the region.

Engaging with communities

Most national libraries prioritise engagement and connecting with their local communities. The National Library of Australia is marking a concerted effort to reach its indigenous communities; the National Library of Myanmar has plans to organise permanent and special exhibitions as well as fairs and talks to bring awareness to their collections and encourage more visitors to their libraries.

With one of the highest rates of mobile penetration in the region, the National Library of Singapore has been engaging its communities via social media, through live streaming its programmes, increased posts, and audio-visual media featuring their collections.

The National Library of Iran and National Diet Library have also incorporated facilities, policies and collections – such as books for the visually impaired – to make their collections more accessible to disabled persons. The National Library of Myanmar is also exploring how to expand their services to cater to this group.

What is the future?

Even though national libraries in the region are at various stages of development and receive different levels of government and private support, they face similar challenges and it is valuable for libraries to collaborate, consult and share their difficulties and experiences.

As libraries grow and develop their collections and services, it is evident that collaborations with individuals, institutions and organisations would synergise efforts in collection, preservation, infrastructure and information sharing. Conferences and international meetings such as IFLA and CDNLAO, as shared by the National Library of Malaysia, not only provide platforms to exchange ideas but also raise the profile of both the national library and the library professional, enabling both to enjoy greater influence and status as well as the opportunity to offer guidance and expertise to other libraries.  

Legislation and government support is also essential for the development of the library. For instance, recent government legislative changes in Indonesia has meant that every province must set aside funding for the construction and operation of local libraries. The National Library of Indonesia also reports directly to the President’s Office, which offers it more autonomy and authority. The National Library of New Zealand also noted that when governed by the appropriate ministry, the autonomy of the national library as well as the role of the national librarian would be strengthened.

The formation of library acts to facilitate the setting up of libraries or legal deposits (both physical and digital) also benefits the collection and preservation of a country’s documentary heritage. The national libraries in China, Australia and Singapore have received mandates from their governments to collect and preserve digital content – for instance, the National Library, Singapore has recently begun to archive .sg websites. Hence, libraries must continue to advocate and be involved in policy-making.

The National Library of New Zealand also considered the role of the national libraries in terms of the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (global goals set out by the UN), particularly to reduce inequalities (such as gender, poverty) and noted that libraries have the opportunity to be partners for development and change.

While there is no definite path forward, libraries should continue to be advocates, remain adaptable and open, unafraid to explore new technologies and challenge the status quo and, importantly, explore opportunities to work with other partners to bring their local communities and libraries into the next 20 years and beyond.


Collect, connect, collaborate – What capabilities will we need to fulfil our purpose as Australia’s National Library?

by Dr Marie Louise Ayres, Director-General, National Library of Australia

Inherit and Innovate: Long-term Development Plans of National Library of China

by Ms Mao Yajun, Director of Operation Management, National Library of China

What is Our Future? National Libraries in 2040
by Mrs Woro Titi Haryanti, Deputy of Library Resource Development, National Library of Indonesia on behalf of Mr Muhammad Syarif Bando, Director, National Library of Indonesia

Contribution to the Information Infrastructure of Society and Universal Access
by Mr Tadahiko Motoyoshi, Director-General, National Diet Library, Japan

Raising Library and Information Professional Visibility
by Dato’ Nafisah binte Ahmad, Director-General, National Library of Malaysia

National Library Plan Development 2040
by Ms Maya OO, Director, National Library of Myanmar

UN Sustainable Development Goals: A New Zealand Perspective
by Mr Bill MacNaught, Chief Librarian, National Library of New Zealand

Staying Relevant in the Digital Age: The National Library, Singapore
by Ms Tan Huism, Director (National Library), National Library Board, Singapore

2nd Forum on The Silk Road International Library Alliance 21 February 2019, Singapore

IFLA - Thu, 28/03/2019 - 09:23

The 2nd Forum for the Silk Road International Library Alliance was held on 21 February 2019 at the National Library Building in Singapore. Hosted by the National Library Board, Singapore, it was convened in the afternoon after the conclusion of the 27th Conference of Directors of National Libraries in Asia and Oceania (CDNLAO) held earlier in the day.

The Silk Road International Library Alliance was founded on 28 May 2018 in Chengdu, China. It is an open platform for international library cooperation, with the aims of promoting cultural exchange and collaboration between libraries along the Silk Road and for the mutual development of library professionals.

Thirty-eight delegates from 20 countries attended the Forum, which focused on the initiatives and proposals to develop and support the alliance. The Forum commenced with a speech by Mr Rao Quan, Director of the National Library of China, followed by presentations from Ms Tan Huism, Director of the National Library, Singapore, and Mr Stuart J. Hamilton, Deputy Executive Director of the Qatar National Library.

Proposals for the development of the alliance by the National Library of China

Post establishment, the promotion of the alliance and its relevance to the library industry is vital to its development and to raise the alliance’s profile in the international circle as shared by Mr Rao Quan in his speech. The National Library of China has promoted the alliance at various international platforms including the 84th IFLA General Conference and Assembly in Kuala Lumpur in 2018. It has also introduced the alliance to government departments and embassies of other countries to advocate participation. The number of members in the alliance has increased to 27As a result of active promotional efforts.

On the future of the alliance, he noted that it faces challenges in seeing to the varied needs of its members and the transmission of information, owing to the diversity among its members. He raised several proposals to ensure the sustainable development of the alliance:

  1. form a secretariat within the National Library of China to take charge of daily operations in the alliance
  2. create communication platforms, specifically a newsletter and an expert database for various library professions such as cataloguing, preservation and conservation, international exchanges etc.
  3. strengthen cooperation, resource sharing and cultural exchange by building a digital library and collaborating on research, exhibitions and programmes
  4. organise professional training like seminars, exchanges and visits to uplift the proficiency of librarians
  5. welcome libraries that are keen to contribute to regional development to the alliance, regardless of whether they have historical connections to the Silk Road or not.

Mr Rao Quan spoke on the strategies for the sustainable development of the Silk Road International Library Alliance.

Programmes to engage the public and showcase Silk Road-related collections by the National Library Board, Singapore

Ms Tan Huism first touched on the National Library Singapore’s efforts in developing its print and digital collections on the contemporary Silk Road and the Belt and Road Initiative. She then outlined several well-received talks for the public that the National Library Board has conducted to raise the awareness of the Belt and Road Initiative. The talks, which were conducted in English and Chinese and helmed by both experts and subject librarians, featured the opportunities presented by the initiative and highlighted the National Library’s collections. On the digital front, she shared that the National Library has launched the Eye on Asia portal (www.eyeonasia.com) featuring resources on ASEAN countries, China and India, as well as resources on the Belt and Road Initiative.

She presented on increasing public awareness in the contemporary Silk Road through collections and programmes.

Digital resource sharing by the Qatar National Library

In his presentation, Mr Hamilton introduced the Qatar National Library which was officially opened in 2018. The library is building up its digital collection by working with other libraries to digitise materials relating to the history and culture of Qatar, which are then incorporated into the Qatar Digital Library (https://www.qdl.qa/en). In addition, it is looking at using digital storytelling to explore Qatar’s place in the history of the Silk Road through its collection. He encouraged members to adopt the digital storytelling approach so that resources could be combined and used to develop a joint digital library on the Silk Route. Lastly, Mr Hamilton concluded his presentation with an offer to host a symposium on library preservation and conservation for members.

Mr Stuart Hamilton recommended enhancing the accessibility 
of collections and sharing of resources through digital libraries.   



IFLA - Thu, 28/03/2019 - 08:38

The constitution of the Republic of Indonesia asserts that one of objectives of the Republic of Indonesia is to develop the nation. One of the instruments in developing the nation is library. National Library of Indonesia was established on 17 May 1980 and has now been affirmed by Act No. 43 of the year 2007 concerning library which supports national library as patron of all libraries in Indonesia, This Bill declared that Indonesia is the only country that state library is a prime public service from central government into village government and its an obligation for all of the local leaders to provide good library services. The NLI also mandated the Depository Act that concerning printed and electronically recorded works which states the function of national library as central repository of nation’s cultural treasures.  National library is also supported by other acts, among others, Act No. 23 of the year 2014 concerning regional government in which we managed to confirm that library is a mandatory issue which must be funded by every government in province and regency levels. In addition, one of the privileges of National Library of Indonesia is that it is a non-ministry governmental institution directly under the president, in which director of national library directly reports to the president and coordinates with Ministry of Education and Culture.

National Library of Indonesia is well aware of the changes taking place around us brought about by the industry 4.0 and society 5.0 era. To facing the industry 4.0 era, National Library of Indonesia elaborates digital library through iPusnas. It is a mobile library application in which library users can read and interact with anyone as that in the social media. This application uses Digital Right Management which enables authors, publishers, and readers to connect and create technology ecosystem to adapt to industry 4.0 era in which artificial intelligent and big data are crucial. Until now ipusnas has more than 40.000 titles and 600.000 copies that are fully accessible to the people across our country.

Library is a social institution with a long history in community and is capable of standing against the test of time as the centre of knowledge and information capable of enlightening civilization. In its interaction with community, library intensely carries out information and knowledge dissemination. The society 5.0 era has changed community mindset about library, National Library of Indonesia is well aware that libraries in Indonesia have to transform not only to be information centre but also community place for dialogue, collaboration and cooperation in order to improve people’s welfare.

This programme has succeeded in creating positive impact on more than 14 million people, increasing quality of more than 5.000 librarians and implementing information technology system for 1.250 libraries in Indonesia. We are well aware of a number of challenges faced by the National Library, one of which is the advocacy for stakeholders from country to village levels. Through welfare improvement and community accompaniment in line with UN Sustainability Development Goals launched in 2016, National Library of Indonesia also focuses on how library remains relevant for communities today and the next 20 years.

National Library of Indonesia attempts to transform public libraries not only as places to provide knowledge for people but also to give them new experiences. In 2011, National Library of Indonesia and Coca Cola Foundation funded by Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation established PerpuSeru—a programme which expands its area of coverage to 80 regency libraries in Indonesia. Today, this programme already has of hundred libraries as partners and continues the selection process to other regional libraries that commit to transform their libraries to be ICT-based community learning centre which can help people get a better life. From this programme, National Library of Indonesia attempts to offer new methods to transform library to be a place to reduce the poverty of information and increase the quality of education, health and economic development of the communities in Indonesia by transforming regional and village libraries to be centre of innovation to fulfil community needs through improvement of access to relevant technology and services.

In addition, the National Library of Indonesia will continue to bring services closer to the community and provide guidance to public libraries through stimulus in the form of multimedia-based mobile libraries and motorcycle libraries as well as attempting to rebrand the library through reaches by reading ambassador and influencers in the social media that library is a fun place for learning, sharing experience and skills.

  Photos :

Figure 1. Ipusnas App

Figure 2. Social Inclusion Library as a part of Library Transformation Program in Sukamara District Central Borneo

Figure 3. Learning Space in Central Bengkulu District - Bengkulu Province

IFLA MetLib Conference 2019 in Helsinki - Registration now open!

IFLA - Wed, 27/03/2019 - 21:27

Registration for the 2019 IFLA MetLib Conference is now open! 

The event will be held from May 8 to May 10 in Helsinki at the new iconic Helsinki Central Library Oodi (Töölönlahdenkatu 4, Helsinki, Finland). 

You will find all the information about the registration process on the MetLib 2019 webpages

We have a compelling program lined up for MetLib this year. Some highlights include:

  • Keynote speaker Eric Klinenberg
  • Helsinki City Library’s move to a floating colleciton
  • Behind the scenes tour of Oodi

We encourage MetLib participants to register and participate in the open international library conference Reshape, that takes place at Oodi on May 6-7.

See you in Helsinki!


EU copyright reform shows need for global reform

EIFL - FOSS news - Wed, 27/03/2019 - 20:03

Limitations and exceptions for libraries & archives and education have been on the agenda at WIPO since 2011. Work on the topic has been extensive, substantive and has enjoyed much support from most WIPO member states. But two allied groups of member states, the European Union (EU) and the group of Central European and Baltic States (CEBS), have resisted progress and repeatedly opposed discussion on an international instrument concerning limitations and exceptions for education, research, libraries, archives, and museums.

EU copyright reform shows need for global reform

EIFL news and events - Wed, 27/03/2019 - 20:03

Limitations and exceptions for libraries & archives and education have been on the agenda at WIPO since 2011. Work on the topic has been extensive, substantive and has enjoyed much support from most WIPO member states. But two allied groups of member states, the European Union (EU) and the group of Central European and Baltic States (CEBS), have resisted progress and repeatedly opposed discussion on an international instrument concerning limitations and exceptions for education, research, libraries, archives, and museums.

EU copyright reform shows need for global reform

EIFL-OA news and events - Wed, 27/03/2019 - 20:03

Limitations and exceptions for libraries & archives and education have been on the agenda at WIPO since 2011. Work on the topic has been extensive, substantive and has enjoyed much support from most WIPO member states. But two allied groups of member states, the European Union (EU) and the group of Central European and Baltic States (CEBS), have resisted progress and repeatedly opposed discussion on an international instrument concerning limitations and exceptions for education, research, libraries, archives, and museums.

EU copyright reform shows need for global reform

EIFL-OA news and events - Wed, 27/03/2019 - 20:03

Limitations and exceptions for libraries & archives and education have been on the agenda at WIPO since 2011. Work on the topic has been extensive, substantive and has enjoyed much support from most WIPO member states. But two allied groups of member states, the European Union (EU) and the group of Central European and Baltic States (CEBS), have resisted progress and repeatedly opposed discussion on an international instrument concerning limitations and exceptions for education, research, libraries, archives, and museums.

The Story of the Lebanese National Library

IFLA - Wed, 27/03/2019 - 17:32

Lebanon is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and occupied Palestine to the south, while the Mediterranean Sea is west. Lebanon’s special location at the crossroads of the East and West facilitated its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity. At just 10,452 km2, and with a population of 4 million, it is the smallest recognized sovereign state in the Asian continent.

The earliest evidence of civilization in Lebanon dates back more than seven thousand years when it was the home of the Phoenicians. Later, the region came under the rules of several civilization namely the Roman Empire, the Arabs, the Crusades, the Ottoman Empire (from 1516 to 1918), and France. Foreign troops withdrew completely from Lebanon in 1946.

Before the Lebanese Civil War (1975–1990), the country experienced a period of serenity and prosperity, driven by tourism, agriculture, commerce, and banking. Lebanon was referred to as the "Switzerland of the East" during the 1960s, and Beirut, the capital, was known as the “Paris of the Middle East".

With a unique culture, Lebanon was also considered as the center for learning and intellectual discourse that would spread the message of the importance of knowledge and education. Despite being one of the most important Arab countries in the field of publishing, establishing education institutions such as schools, universities and libraries, it was centered around foreign missionaries for over a century and a half. Accordingly, the first ever national library (per se) was founded in Beirut in early January 1921. Here is a brief review of its history and current status.

  1. The Foundation (1921-1939):

Viscount Philippe de Tarrazi (1865 – 1956), a bibliophile and a historian of the Arab press, founded the “Book House” in his own residence with his own personal collection, in 1919. His collection included, at the time, around 20,000 printed documents and nearly 3,000 manuscripts in several languages. In 1921, De Tarazi moved the library from his own residence to the building of the Prussion school known as the Diaconese School in central Beirut. He called it the “Grand Book House.” In 1922 the House was recognized by the local and French authorities and De Tarazi was appointed as Secretary General until 1939. During this period, he travelled extensively to Europe and Egypt to acquire new works and collect donations. The House suffered from chaos during his absence due to the neglect of staff. In 1924, the legal deposit began and in 1935 a decree to establish a National Library was issued. In 1937, the library with a collection of 32,000 books moved to the parliament building and remained in this location until the breakout of the civil war in 1975. At the age 75 De Tarazi resigned and the library was managed by several trustees.

Viscount Philippe de Tarrazi (1865 – 1956)

Diaconese School

The library inside the parliament building

           2.    The success and failure (1940-1975):     

With a collection of about 200,000 books or manuscripts, as well as a unique collection of archives such as administrative and historical documents left by the Turks in 1918 and valuable works of art, the library was considered an important reference for university graduates, teachers and administrators and university libraries. However, some of the trustees were not at the level of responsibility and enthusiasm of De Tarazi. This led to the disappearance of several valuable books, and the selling of Lebanese and Arabic newspapers during the paper crisis.

        3.     The civil war and its aftermath (1975-2006):

In 1975, battles raged in the center of Beirut where the National Library is located. It was severely damaged and was robbed twice. According to some officials, 1200 rare manuscripts were lost. In 1979, the government issued a decree to freeze the library activities. The collection was boxed and moved to the UNESCO building to preserve them; but the damage caused by the war was immense, which negatively affected their storage conditions (humidity and insects). Unfortunately, the war exploded everywhere in the country and the collection had to be relocated several times for safeguarding.

Damaged books

In 1999, and according to a report by the French National Library and the European Union, the Ministry of Culture announced that the rehabilitation of the National Library is a priority and the Faculty of Law at the Lebanese University in Sana'a, Beirut, was assigned as the final location of the National Library. However, the latter only took possession of the premises in 2006. 

Faculty of Law at the Lebanese University in Sana'a

In 2003, The National Library Rehabilitation Project was launched in 2003 for three years. The objective of the physical and intellectual treatment of groups, the training of human resources, the establishment of the National Library as an independent public institution, and the preparation of the engineering match. The European Union financed most of this project with a budget of €1,375,000, of which 80% was shared by the EU and 20% by the State.

Restoration work

In 2006, the Emir of Qatar, Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, donated $25 million to the Lebanese Government for the construction of the future National Library.

Finally, and after being closed to the public for 39 years, the Lebanese National Library was reopened on December 4, 2018, with the mission to “preserve the essence of the Lebanese culture and making it accessible to nationals in the country and abroad through the collection, conservation and development of published literature related to Lebanon.”

    LNL Building


Reading area


طالب، أحمد. (خريف 1998). "المكتبة الوطنية: النشأة، الواقع والمرتجى" في نشرة جمعية المكتبات اللبنانية، مج 7، ع1، ص 27-


Hajj, Lama. (Dec. 4, 2018). Reopening of stunning Lebanese National Library. https://www.beirut.com/l/56879

“Inside the new Lebanese National Library.” (Nov. 11, 2016). http://www.beirutreport.com/2016/11/inside-the-new-lebanese-national-library.html

“Lebanese National Library finally opens its doors.” (Dec. 4, 2018).


“Lebanese National Library.” (Jan. 11, 2019). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lebanese_National_Library

“The Lebanese National Library.” (2015). http://bnl.gov.lb/english/index.html

“Lebanese National Library just officially reopened.” (2018).  https://www.the961.com/news/lebanese-national-library-reopened

‘Lebanon.” (Feb. 28, 3019). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lebanon

Stéphan-Hachem, Maud. (2005). “The Lebanese National Library”, BBF, 2005, n° 1, p. 48-53.


The Lebanese National Library: the Path

IFLA - Wed, 27/03/2019 - 16:40

The Lebanese National Library was established in Beirut in 1921, with a personal collection of about twenty thousand (20,000) volumes donated by Philippe de Tarazi, the Lebanese philanthropist. His instruction was that his donation should form the core of what should be come the Great Library of Beirut. The collections grew over the years after the government issued an act in 1924 that a copy of every book published in Lebanon should be deposited in the library and a formal copyright deposit law issued in 1949 and modified in 1959. The national Library had a collection of over 200,000 volumes and over 2,000 of rare manuscripts. The civil war in Lebanon that broke out in 1975 and its social, economic, and political outcomes negatively impacted the development of libraries in general and the national library in particular. A great number of the collection especially the manuscripts were stolen and the rest was burned or had disappeared. The collections were moved many times before the government decided to store them in a section in Port Beirut where the restoration and the development of volumes began with a fund from the European Commission. The project was estimated at $7 million of which $1.5 million was donated by the European Commission and the rest to be provided by the government, private sectors and donors.

In 2005, the State of Qatar donated $25 million to renovate and develop the new site of the national library at the ancient building of the Faculty of Law of the Lebanese University at Sanayah-Beirut. The construction was completed in November 2017 but it was not until June 2018 before the various collections documents were transferred to the new building.

The official inauguration of the National Library took place on Tuesday December 4, 2018 after more than a decade of renovations and preparations.

Click on bnl.gov.lb for detailed information about the library,

National Library Board (NLB) Act

IFLA - Wed, 27/03/2019 - 16:29

Good news from Singapore! The amendments to the National Library Board (NLB) Act were passed in the Singapore parliament last year and the National Library Board Singapore is pleased to inform that the amended NLB Act has taken effect from 31 January 2019. This is an important milestone for NLB - as custodians of Singapore's published heritage, the library now has the mandate to collect digital publications and Singapore websites to add to its rich heritage.

National Doctoral Symposium on Library Science (NDSLS-2018) held in Peking University, Beijing, China on 17-18 November 2018

IFLA - Wed, 27/03/2019 - 15:58

The 12th National Doctoral Symposium on Library Science (NDSLS-2018) hosted by the Department of Information Management, Peking University was held with the theme, "The development of library science in the new era - new horizons, new ideas, new journeys" in Peking University, Beijing, China on 17-18 November 2018.  

The NDSLS-2018 aims at more effective integration on relevant research to open up the research field of library science and to explore the development trend of library science, and also strives to serve the construction and design of economic and social development and the decision-making in management.

The NDSLS-2018 makes it a goal to build an international academic exchange platform for improving the research and innovation ability of doctoral students. In addition to academic exchanges and expert reviews during the meeting, well-known international and Chinese scholars and industry experts in the field of library science, were also invited to make special reports on the NDSLS-2018.

The author of this article was invited as a keynote speaker on the NDSLS-2018 and delivered a talk on the Recent Trend of Town
Revitalization and Public Libraries.

The NDSLS-2018 has collected papers for doctoral students majoring in library science and related majors nationwide in China, and invited scholars in the field of library and information science. The expert review team conducted rigorous review of the collected papers and accepted 22 excellent papers. The authors of excellent accepted papers were invited to the NDSLS-2018.

After voting by the award committee of the NDSLS-2018, 2 first prizes, 3 second prizes and 4 third prizes were selected from the excellent papers, and the NDSLS-2018 issued a certificate of honor to the winners.

Doctoral students, teachers and invited speakers actively participated in various academic exchanges and activities during the NDSLS-2018.


IFLA - Wed, 27/03/2019 - 15:34

Namaste and a very warm welcome to you all.

              I am happy to share with you the text of my address at the recent seminar on “Advancing Multiculturalism in Libraries: Partnership and Promotions” on 8th March 2019.  We are very pleased to associate with the National Library of the Philippines (NLP), Philippine Librarians Associations, Inc (PLAI), Central Bank of Philippines and Association of Librarians in Public Section, Inc, (ALPS) for this Seminar.

As you may all know, IFLA is the leading international body representing the interests of library and information services and their users. It is the global voice of the library and information profession. Founded in 1927, IFLA now has more than 1,400 Members in over 140 countries around the world.

IFLA - Asia and Oceania Section is one of the largest regional sections in IFLA. Its main objectives are to initiate, promote and facilitate the development of library and information services and the library profession in the Asia and Oceania region. The Asia and Oceania section represents 62 countries from Afghanistan to Yemen. The section has more than 300 registered members within IFLA from 46 member countries.

Now, I would like to take you to the history of relations between IFLA and Philippines. The 46th IFLA Session/General Conference held in Manila, Philippines in August 1980 was the first IFLA Conference held outside of Europe and North America and it was also the first in a developing country. The Conference was attended by 1237 participants representing 52 countries, again the largest number of participants in a session to date. The conference was held at Philippines International Convention Centre in Manila and the late His Excellency, Ferdinand Marcos, the then President of the Republic and First Lady, Emelda Marcos attended and officiated at the opening ceremony.

Thereafter, several other programmes and events were conducted in last few years with IFLA, including the milestone IFLA - Building Strong Library Associations programme event during May - June 2016 in Manila. This was the first ever BSLA Global Meeting, hosted by IFLA in partnership with the Philippine Librarians Association (PLAI).  IFLA President-elect, Christine Mechanize recently participated as a keynote speaker in PLAI Congress during November 2018.

Library Associations and Library Organizations are very important to keep pace with the new developments in the library and information profession. In this digital era, we need to update ourselves and keep pace with these developments. New developments in the production and dissemination of information are required in our profession. Mobile strategy is a must; more use of Social Media is needed; Face Book, Twitter and Videos on YouTube are needs of the hour; Open data is a fuel for innovators; Open Access Movement is gaining strength; Networking is a key to success for today’s professionals.

Traditionally, libraries have always been responsible for preserving information and providing access to information and resources. The library was a physical building, filled with books. The rise of the Internet put access at our fingertips; information became available everywhere. Navigating the endless sea of information required strong critical thinking skills to deliver quality search results. Librarians were already practicing evaluating the weight and accuracy of information from a variety of sources, taking responsibility to provide access to quality information. While the Internet was a compelling event for library transformation, they remain in a state of ongoing evolution. As technology advances and patron demands continue to change, the expectation of what a library should be and offer changes with them.

When we think of today’s innovative libraries, the ways we access, we process, and we use the information have changed in the libraries. Libraries are no longer just places to check out a book or to do homework; they are now meeting places, media centers, digital repositories, multi-cultural platforms and wonders of modern architecture and design.

I would like to thank the National Library of Philippines and my colleague in RSCAO Ms Dolores D Carungui for organizing this Seminar in collaboration with IFLA-Asia and Oceania Section.  

I would also like to thank the organizers for inviting me for the inaugural function.             

Thank you one and all.

Sanjay K Bihani




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